Thoroughbred Horses Introduction The thoroughbred horses are the type of horses that are well known for their use in horse racing. This is because of their ability to run very fast as well as their agility and spirit. They are sometimes referred to as the ‘hot blooded’ horse.
Origin The origin of these types of horses is England. The breed was developed at around the 17th-18th century. It was as a result of the crossbreeding between the native mares and the three oriental stallions of Arabian, Barb, and Turkoman breeding which were imported. The breed then spread throughout the world between the 18th and the 19th centuries. They were imported into other countries like the North America, across Europe, Australia, South America and also to Japan. Today there are quite a number of them spread all over the world and approximately 118000 foals are registered every year.
Functions Aside from their well-known use in racing, they are also bred for other riding pur- poses such as fox hunting, show jumping, dressage and combined training. Aside
from that, they have also been of great influence in the creation of other new im- proved breeds such as the Quarter horse, the standard bred, the Anglo-Arabian bred among others.
Characteristics They have a refined head with widely spaced eyes which sit on long, light colored neck. They have well defined high withers which are evenly curved backwards. Their shoulders are deep, muscular and sloped whereas the heart girths are deep and relatively narrow. They have long, clean legs whose tendons are well pronounced and move smooth- ly in unison Their upper hind legs are long and highly muscular. The common colors by which most of them are characterized are, bay, dark bay, chestnut, black, gray roans (rare though). Their faces and legs are characterized by white colors.
Conclusion Thoroughbreds used in horse racing have resulted in many accidents and other health problems due to their performance with maximum exertion. The significant
American thoroughbreds include; the bulle Rock, the monkey, Janus and Fer- rnough, the Diomed the Sir Archie as well as the Messenger.